“Taking a Negative Effect, Making a Positive Affect.”


  • Lizzie PRB Jenkins

    Founder and President of the Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.

    An Educator: Lizzie Polly Robinson Brown Jenkins was born October 25, 1938, in Archer, Florida, growing up on a farm with her parents, Ura McIntyre Robinson and Theresa

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  • Woman Chronicles Rosewood

    Lizzie Jenkins has spent a decade sorting through musty files in her search for details to confirm what happened to her aunt and uncle when the predominantly black Levy County town of Rosewood was burned to the

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  • History of Rosewood, Florida


    Rosewood was established around 1870 in Levy County, Florida on a road leading to Cedar Key and the Gulf of Mexico. It is believed to have taken its name from the abundant red

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  • Theresa Brown Robinson

    The mother of Lizzie Jenkins and the sister of Mahulda Carrier, Theresa Brown Robinson was a Rosewood historian who provided Lizzie enough information to interest and direct her in safeguarding Rosewood's history. She never lived in Rosewood

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  • The Real Rosewood
    Foundation, Inc

    The Real Rosewood Foundation was created in 2002 to develop a timeline, expand the search, find lost survivors, and locate descendants – black and white, inviting cultural participation to preserve an important history

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If you would like to make a donation to The Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc., click on the Paypal button and you will be redirected to Paypal's secure site. No donation is too small and every dollar will help. The Foundation has and will continue to award academic scholarships to graduating seniors, and it is also seeking to build the Rosewood Black History Preservation and Research Center.


Read about how Alachua County’s African American ancestry contributed significantly to the area’s history in Lizzie Jenkins' book, Alachua County, Florida.

 Purchase Now!

Lizzie Jenkins has recorded the song she co-wrote with her mother, Theresa Brown Robinson.
Click Here to preview and download!


Published: Monday, January 27, 2003 at 6:01 a.m.
Last Modified: Monday, January 27, 2003 at 1:14 a.m

Lizzie Jenkins has spent a decade sorting through musty files in her search for details to confirm what happened to her aunt and uncle when the predominantly black Levy County town of Rosewood was burned to the ground in 1923. On Saturday, as part of the kickoff for Celebration of African History and Culture Month in Gainesville, Jenkins will be signing copies of the 250-page book she wrote detailing her research.

"This is really my mom's project because she wanted her sister - the Rosewood schoolteacher - to have her place in history and be remembered," Jenkins said. "What I have done really is to keep a journal of my research. My next volume will be the narrative about Rosewood, but this one is really a chronology of how I found what I found."

Rosewood was established between Otter Creek and Cedar Key along what is now State Road 24. The town was destroyed after a white woman accused a black man - Jenkins' uncle - of rape. The ensuing days of violence left several inhabitants dead and others fleeing into the surrounding woods with only the clothes they were wearing.

For 70 years, those who escaped the atrocity rarely spoke of what happened. When the Florida Legislature began looking into the violence, researchers documented that the sheriff and governor knew what was happening at Rosewood and did nothing to stop the brutality.

In 1994, lawmakers approved a $2 million compensation package to be distributed among the few remaining survivors and the descendants of others who could document their connection to Rosewood in 1923.

"My aunt, Mahulda Carrier, was married to the man they accused of the rape, Aaron Carrier," Jenkins said. Aaron Carrier was the first target of the mob of white men. After being beaten, he was secreted away by Levy County Sheriff Elias R. "Bob" Walker.

Mahulda Carrier, one of the town's teachers, was also able to escape, then spent the rest of her life trying to recover. She and Aaron later divorced, and she moved often and would change her name frequently, Jenkins said. She would talk about the incident rarely, only in a whisper and only to people she trusted, like Jenkins' mother, Theresa Robinson.

Before Robinson died in 1997, she made her wishes clear to Jenkins.

"She wanted me to tell the truth about her sister," Jenkins said. "She told me 'Don't vent your anger,' and to 'remain humble, but tell the story.'"

A retired Alachua County teacher with a master's degree, Jenkins was already a competent researcher when she met Toni Collins, the historic records coordinator for the Levy County Clerk's Office.

"Rosewood is still a sensitive subject in Levy County and we can't rewrite history, but Liz (Jenkins) was very professional about her research," Collins said. "She would come in and have a narrow focus so I would know exactly what records to help her find."

Along the way Jenkins also met descendants of some of the white people involved in Rosewood, people she now refers to as "my white family." They include nieces and nephews of Rosewood's merchant, John Wright, as well as granddaughters of the Bryce brothers who conducted the train that many survivors rode to escape, and the grandchildren of Sheriff Walker.

Jenkins said the white descendants have been as horrified and she and other black descendants were about the incident, but have agreed that she should tell her aunt's story as accurately as possible.

Jenkins said some of the white descendants have told her they will attend her book signing. The event is scheduled for Saturday in Gainesville's Downtown Community Plaza from 11:30 a.m. until 4 p.m.

Karen Voyles can be reached at (352) 486-5058 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
Click here to see the published article.

The Real Rosewood – Extra

Levy County Colored Founders

Levy County consisted of four Florida cities/towns: Outside of Cedar Key, Lukens, Rosewood, and Sumner. The county's first census was taken in 1850. In the mid-1800s, one of Levi County's presumed slave-holding plantations, documented as Outside of Cedar Key, was listed on the 1870 census as District 15. Believably, Outside of Cedar Key, Florida was developed and became known as Rosewood and Sumner – from its adjacent sister city, Cedar Key, Florida.



Adams Anderson Ashwood Barton Bradley Bright
Bryson Burns Carlos Carrier Carter Caskill
Clower Cottenell Douglas Evans Everet Frison
Goins Gordon Griffin Hall Hayward Hearn
Higginbotham Higginbottom Hill Hindon Hughes Jones
Joseph Lenke Lewis Lighter London Lot
Love Lucas Lundon Lundy McCoy McHenry
McIntyre Mitchell Monroe Moore Moses Murray
Nelson Nicks Norris Payton Randolph Ransom
Rice Richardson Roberts Robinson Sanderson Seabrook
Small Smith Spicer Stedom Stewart Strobles
Strong Thompson Turner Wade Wadsworth Walker
Ware Warren White Wiggins Williams Wilson
Levy County White Founders


Barcol Barker Barnes Barreco Beck Bevill Blair Blitch Boyetts Bradford
Brady Brand Brannes Brannery Bright Brown Bryant Burke Butler Bryce
Caddes Campbell Cannon Carlos Cassis Cason Caulter Chambers Cherie Chesser
Chissie Clark Clary Clower Clurry Clyatt Cobb Cokes Coleman Cook
Collier Collins Colson Crevor Crews Cribbs Curry Daniels Daves Day
Deson Dias Decks Dong Douglas Drummond Ericcos Faircloth Fairhouse Flemming
Folks Fitzgerald Fountain Frey Futch Gaines Gainey Galbreth Garrison Gore
Green Griffis Hagans Hall Handly Hardee Harrington Hatcher Higginbotham Highsmith
Hobbs Hodge Holland Hudson Hunter Ingraham Ingram Jackson Jacobs John
Johnson Jones Keen King Kinsey Kirkland Kister Kurn Lancaster Lane
Lanier Lee Lenke Lock Love Loyd Lynn Marston Martin Maxwell
May McCaskill McGoins McGowan McGown McLeod McMillan McQuire Micken Mitchell
Moore Morgan Morrison Mossey Mozo Mullens Mulligan Munden Murphy Nobles
Norris Nunnerly Osteen Parrish Peacock Phelps Philpot Pissner Price Priest
Proctor Quincy Quinn Ratliff Rawls Renfroe Rhodes Ricks Sarbles Shaw
Sheffield Sheppard Shirley Smith  Snell  Standard  Standley  Stanley  Starling  Stephens
Stockman Strobles Studstill Swandel Sykes Thompson Tindell Triocally Trivalt Truden
Tucker Turner Tuten Wade Walker Watson Ways Weeks Wells Whatley
White Whitehurst Wilcox Wilkerson Williams Wimberly Wood Wothington Wright Yates
Yearty Young                

Established the Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.

Acquired Solicitation License

Acquired 501(C)3 Status

Copyright Protection

Documented Rosewood Marriages from 1882-1923

Confirmed Rosewood Families

Confirmed Rosewood Black Cemetery

Researched / Documented the Rosewood School

Confirmed Sumner School

Established a Historic Marker

Click here to read more about the founder, Lizzie Jenkins.


Click Here to view documents.

You can read letters and notes from high-ranking government officials (and others) regarding the atrocities of the Rosewood Massacre and their support of The Real Rosewood Foundation through the work of Lizzie Jenkins.

The 84 Year Curse

...A Story to be Unveiled in an Editorial


1839 – Juliann Parchman Sams
1923 – Mahulda Gussie Brown Sams Carrier
2007 – Lizzie Polly Robinson Brown Sams Jenkins


"Everything happens for a reason."
"Stand strong.”
“Don't take any wooden nickels."
"Mommy didn't raise no fools."
"You are my child and I raised you right."
"Fight for your civil rights as long as breath is in your body!"
“Baby, Mommy will always watch over you, my child.”


RACISM: Hate, Conspiracy, Disrespect and Attacks are dangerous behaviors at its worse!