“Taking a Negative Effect, Making a Positive Affect.”


  • Lizzie PRB Jenkins

    Founder and President of the Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.

    An Educator: Lizzie Polly Robinson Brown Jenkins was born October 25, 1938, in Archer, Florida, growing up on a farm with her parents, Ura McIntyre Robinson and Theresa

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  • Woman Chronicles Rosewood

    Lizzie Jenkins has spent a decade sorting through musty files in her search for details to confirm what happened to her aunt and uncle when the predominantly black Levy County town of Rosewood was burned to the

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  • History of Rosewood, Florida


    Rosewood was established around 1870 in Levy County, Florida on a road leading to Cedar Key and the Gulf of Mexico. It is believed to have taken its name from the abundant red

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  • Theresa Brown Robinson

    The mother of Lizzie Jenkins and the sister of Mahulda Carrier, Theresa Brown Robinson was a Rosewood historian who provided Lizzie enough information to interest and direct her in safeguarding Rosewood's history. She never lived in Rosewood

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  • The Real Rosewood
    Foundation, Inc

    The Real Rosewood Foundation was created in 2002 to develop a timeline, expand the search, find lost survivors, and locate descendants – black and white, inviting cultural participation to preserve an important history

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If you would like to make a donation to The Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc., click on the Paypal button and you will be redirected to Paypal's secure site. No donation is too small and every dollar will help. The Foundation has and will continue to award academic scholarships to graduating seniors, and it is also seeking to build the Rosewood Black History Preservation and Research Center.


Read about how Alachua County’s African American ancestry contributed significantly to the area’s history in Lizzie Jenkins' book, Alachua County, Florida.

 Purchase Now!

Lizzie Jenkins has recorded the song she co-wrote with her mother, Theresa Brown Robinson.
Click Here to preview and download!

Return to Rosewood Seeking Healing


January 2, 2004

ROSEWOOD — it’s been 81 years since Robie Allenetta Robinson Mortin set foot here, but little is left of the town in which she grew up.

On Jan. 1, 1923, a lynch mob descended onto the predominantly black township and hanged her uncle, Samuel Carter. Mortin's father whisked the 8-year-old girl and her sister onto a train that carried many residents to safety as a mob burned Rosewood to the ground.

"We could see the flames from Chiefland," about 25 miles away, recalls Mortin, 89. "Why? Why burn down the houses? The children should have had some place to come home."

Mortin returned Thursday to gather with more than 100 people at the site of the massacre for a "peace and healing" ceremony, organized by Rosewood descendent Lizzie Jenkins.

Jenkins, president of the Archer-based Real Rosewood Foundation, says it's the first time survivors and descendants have marked an anniversary together.

"I felt it was time to come back for healing, peace, forgiveness and preservation," she says. "When we preserve Rosewood's history, we preserve America."

What's left of Rosewood is hard to find, nestled among scrub pines and palmetto off State Road 24, about 10 miles east of Cedar Key.

Just one organization — a Baptist church — uses the Rosewood name, and only a small green sign on eastbound State Road 24 acknowledges the former settlement.

At Rosewood Community Park on Thursday, pastors prayed for forgiveness and descendants lit candles and released white balloons for each of the victims.

The Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc., president and organize sought proclamations and letters that were read from Gov. Jeb Bush and other politicians, and participants sang, "We Shall Overcome."

Records say six blacks and two whites killed during the massacre, but many descendants suspect as many as 37 died in the attack.

"There were many stories told that there was a mass grave, and I believe it," Mortin says.

In 1993, the Florida Legislature approved a bill giving the survivors and descendants $2.1 million. A scholarship was created at Florida A&M University to study racial injustice.

A historical marker will be placed on the roadside later this year near the John Wright House, the only Rosewood landmark that remains. Wright was a white merchant who helped hide survivors until the sheriff, store merchant, Bryce brothers train conductors and others could arrange getting them out of town by train.

Some of the other heroes who helped protect Rosewood residents escape were white. They included Levy County Sheriff Bob Walker, who worked 96 hours straight as told to Jenkins by her mother, Theresa Brown Robinson, sister to Rosewood schoolteacher, Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier, to help as many residents as he could get out of Rosewood alive.

Walker's niece, Phoebe Walker Hughes, only started learning about her uncle and Rosewood five years ago when she began researching her lineage.

"Those things were not talked about," she said.

She rented the 1997 John Singleton movie "Rosewood," and she and her daughter were horrified at the story. They tracked Jenkins down on the Internet.

Jenkins attempts to chronicle Rosewood's history began about 10 years ago. Her aunt, Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier, was the town's schoolteacher and was determined to keep the stories alive and accurate.

Jenkins, through her organization, plans to build a museum and introduce a scholarship in her aunt's name. She also hopes to return to the site next year with the Rosewood anniversary recognized as a national holiday.

"It's already a holiday," she said.

Click here to see published article.

The Real Rosewood – Extra

Levy County Colored Founders

Levy County consisted of four Florida cities/towns: Outside of Cedar Key, Lukens, Rosewood, and Sumner. The county's first census was taken in 1850. In the mid-1800s, one of Levi County's presumed slave-holding plantations, documented as Outside of Cedar Key, was listed on the 1870 census as District 15. Believably, Outside of Cedar Key, Florida was developed and became known as Rosewood and Sumner – from its adjacent sister city, Cedar Key, Florida.



Adams Anderson Ashwood Barton Bradley Bright
Bryson Burns Carlos Carrier Carter Caskill
Clower Cottenell Douglas Evans Everet Frison
Goins Gordon Griffin Hall Hayward Hearn
Higginbotham Higginbottom Hill Hindon Hughes Jones
Joseph Lenke Lewis Lighter London Lot
Love Lucas Lundon Lundy McCoy McHenry
McIntyre Mitchell Monroe Moore Moses Murray
Nelson Nicks Norris Payton Randolph Ransom
Rice Richardson Roberts Robinson Sanderson Seabrook
Small Smith Spicer Stedom Stewart Strobles
Strong Thompson Turner Wade Wadsworth Walker
Ware Warren White Wiggins Williams Wilson
Levy County White Founders


Barcol Barker Barnes Barreco Beck Bevill Blair Blitch Boyetts Bradford
Brady Brand Brannes Brannery Bright Brown Bryant Burke Butler Bryce
Caddes Campbell Cannon Carlos Cassis Cason Caulter Chambers Cherie Chesser
Chissie Clark Clary Clower Clurry Clyatt Cobb Cokes Coleman Cook
Collier Collins Colson Crevor Crews Cribbs Curry Daniels Daves Day
Deson Dias Decks Dong Douglas Drummond Ericcos Faircloth Fairhouse Flemming
Folks Fitzgerald Fountain Frey Futch Gaines Gainey Galbreth Garrison Gore
Green Griffis Hagans Hall Handly Hardee Harrington Hatcher Higginbotham Highsmith
Hobbs Hodge Holland Hudson Hunter Ingraham Ingram Jackson Jacobs John
Johnson Jones Keen King Kinsey Kirkland Kister Kurn Lancaster Lane
Lanier Lee Lenke Lock Love Loyd Lynn Marston Martin Maxwell
May McCaskill McGoins McGowan McGown McLeod McMillan McQuire Micken Mitchell
Moore Morgan Morrison Mossey Mozo Mullens Mulligan Munden Murphy Nobles
Norris Nunnerly Osteen Parrish Peacock Phelps Philpot Pissner Price Priest
Proctor Quincy Quinn Ratliff Rawls Renfroe Rhodes Ricks Sarbles Shaw
Sheffield Sheppard Shirley Smith  Snell  Standard  Standley  Stanley  Starling  Stephens
Stockman Strobles Studstill Swandel Sykes Thompson Tindell Triocally Trivalt Truden
Tucker Turner Tuten Wade Walker Watson Ways Weeks Wells Whatley
White Whitehurst Wilcox Wilkerson Williams Wimberly Wood Wothington Wright Yates
Yearty Young                

Established the Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.

Acquired Solicitation License

Acquired 501(C)3 Status

Copyright Protection

Documented Rosewood Marriages from 1882-1923

Confirmed Rosewood Families

Confirmed Rosewood Black Cemetery

Researched / Documented the Rosewood School

Confirmed Sumner School

Established a Historic Marker

Click here to read more about the founder, Lizzie Jenkins.


Click Here to view documents.

You can read letters and notes from high-ranking government officials (and others) regarding the atrocities of the Rosewood Massacre and their support of The Real Rosewood Foundation through the work of Lizzie Jenkins.

The 84 Year Curse

...A Story to be Unveiled in an Editorial


1839 – Juliann Parchman Sams
1923 – Mahulda Gussie Brown Sams Carrier
2007 – Lizzie Polly Robinson Brown Sams Jenkins


"Everything happens for a reason."
"Stand strong.”
“Don't take any wooden nickels."
"Mommy didn't raise no fools."
"You are my child and I raised you right."
"Fight for your civil rights as long as breath is in your body!"
“Baby, Mommy will always watch over you, my child.”


RACISM: Hate, Conspiracy, Disrespect and Attacks are dangerous behaviors at its worse!